Correlational findings

Study Constantinople (1967): study US NewYork 1966

University students, Rochester, USA, 1966
N = 165
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Two questionaires were used; one in the classroom and one at home; during the first 2 weeks of March.


Authors's Label
Product score
Our Classification
Error Estimates
internal consistency +.72
Perceived Instrumentality of the College Test (PICT)
Participant were presented 14 statements about goals in college, such as:
- learning
- contexts
- self discovery
They rated each of these statements for:
a: its importance as a goal in the subject's own college experience
b: the degree to which the University was percieved as helping or hindering progress toward that the goal.

Rating were made on a 7 step scale

The product of the two ratings was obtained and summed over all 14 statements leading to a range of 14 to 686.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a DM = +         happy  unhappy  difference
males   M=417  M=356    DM= 61 (05)
females M=437  M=391    DM= 46 (ns)

Results similar to an earlier study among students of the same university reported in Constantinople 1965.