Correlational findings

Study Bond et al. (0): study ZZ World samples 2005

15-24 aged, 43 nations, 2005-2008
Survey name
INT-WorldValuesSurvey 5
N = 9618
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Government Restriction Index
Our Classification
The information on religion related government restrictions in different societies are documented in 16 frequently cited reports. Including the U.N. Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion of Belief reports, the Human Rights Watch topical reports, and the Council of the European Union's annual report.
Index of indicators of religion-related government restriction:
a: constitutional restrictions or restrictions based in national law or policy;
b: restrictions imposed by government officials at any level, whether codified or not;
c: use of force or coercion against religious groups by government agencies or their representatives;
d: government favoritism toward particular religious groups.

Range 0-10:
0: lowest level of religion-related government restriction
10: highest level of religion-related government restriction

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a r = -.32 p < .05 Macro: AVERAGE happiness by level of religion-related government restriction in 43 nations O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a r = + Micro: INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL social-religious engagement