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Correlational findings

Study Muffels & Kemperman (2011): study XZ Germany West 1984

Public:
20-55 aged, women, Germany, 1984-2007
Survey name:
DE-SOEP
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 90297
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Work orientations
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self report on how important in life the respondent thinks it is
- to have children
- to have success in a job
Ranging from 1 very important to 4 very unimportant

a:home centered: having children important, work unimportant
b:work centered: having children unimportant, work important:
c:adaptive: children as well as succes in work important in life:
d:drifters: without strong preferences

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.13 p < .01 WORK CENTERED (vs. home centered)
Beta controlled for: Set A
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.15 p < .01 Beta controlled for: Set A+B O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.13 p < .01 Beta controlled for: Set A+C O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.03 ns Beta controlled for: Set A+C+D O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.13 p < .01 Beta controlled for: Set A+C+E O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.06 p < .01 ADAPTIVE (vs. home centered)
Beta controlled for: Set A
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.09 p < .01 Beta controlled for: Set A+B O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.07 p < .01 Beta controlled for: Set A+C O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.00 ns Beta controlled for: Set A+C+D O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.07 p < .01 Beta controlled for: Set A+C+E O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.15 p < .01 DRIFTERS (vs. home centered)
Beta controlled for: Set A
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.15 p < .01 Beta controlled for: Set A+B O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.16 p < .01 Beta controlled for: Set A+C O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.09 ns Beta controlled for: Set A+C+D O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.16 p < .01 Beta controlled for: Set A+C+E O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d = CONTROL VARIABLES
Set A:
- number of hours per week working and caring
- fit between preferred and actual working hours
- marital status
- age
- age squared/100
- number of children 0-15 years
- unemployment rate
- born in east-Germany
- foreigner status
- education
- age youngest child
- objective health

Set B: (N = 70859)
- neuroticism
- agreeableness
- conscientiousness
- extraversion
- openness to experience

Set C:
- birth cohort

Set D:
- interaction: hours match*work orientation

Set E:
- interaction: hours match*work-care combinations

Interaction effect with fit between preferred and actual working hours: only overworked women who value work as important score significantly lower on happiness than women satisfied with their working hours, while being home centered.

Fixed effects analysis yields similar results.