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Correlational findings

Study Muffels & Kemperman (2011): study XZ Germany West 1984

Public:
20-55 aged, women, Germany, 1984-2007
Survey name:
DE-SOEP
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 90297
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Hours match
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self report on preference for number of hours work a week, minus the self report on actual amount of hours work a week.
a: underworked: working at least 3 hours less than preferred
b: fit: =<3 hours of difference between preference and real muber of working hours.
c: overworked: working more than 3 hours more than preferred

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.20 p < .01 UNDERWORKED (vs. hours actual fit preferred)
Beta controlled for: Set A
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.20 p < .01 Beta controlled for: Set A+B O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = .21 p < .01 Beta controlled for: Set A+C O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.19 p < .01 Beta controlled for: Set A+C+D O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.19 p < .01 Beta controlled for: Set A+C+E O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.06 p < .01 OVERWORKED(vs. hours actual fit preferred):
Beta controlled for: Set A
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.07 p < .01 Beta controlled for: Set A+B O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.06 p < .01 Beta controlled for: Set A+C O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.08 p < .10 Beta controlled for: Set A+C+D O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = +.05 ns Beta controlled for: Set A+C+E O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d = CONTROL VARIABLES:
Set A:
- number of hours per week working and caring
- importance of having children/success in a job
- marital status
- age
- age squared/100
- number of children 0-15 years
- unemployment rate
- born in east-Germany
- foreigner status
- education
- age youngest child
- objective health

Set B: (N = 70859)
- neuroticism
- agreeableness
- conscientiousness
- extraversion
- openness to experience

Set C:
- birth cohort

Set D:
- interaction: hours match*work orientation

Set E:
- interaction: hours match*work-care combinations

Interaction effect with workcare orientations:
only underworked work-centered and adaptive women and women with unplanned careers (drifters) score lower on SWB (vs women with a good fit & home centered)


Interaction effect with work-care combinations: only overworked women who
work without caring duties and women combining work and care but working more than 24 hours a week score significantlylower on SWB (vs women not working nor caring and good fit).


Fixed effects analysis yields similar results.