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Correlational findings

Study Constantinople (1970): study US 1965

Public:
Undergraduate college students, University of Rochester, USA, followed 12 month, 1965-68
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 581
Non Response:
50% return of mailed questionnaire.
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire completed in class and amailed questionnaire 3 yrs later.

Correlate

Authors's label
Psycho-social development
Our Classification
Operationalization
60-item Inventory of Psycho-Social Development.

Aa. Succesful first stage: basic trust
Ab. Unsuccessful first stage: basic
    mistrust.
Ba. Succesful second stage: autonomy.
Bb. Unsuccessful second stage: shame
    and doubt.
Ca. Successful third stage: initiative.
Cb. Unsuccessful third stage: guilt.
Da. Successful fourth stage: industry.
Db. Unsuccessful fourth stage:
    inferiority.
Ea. Successful fifth stage: identity.
Eb. Unsuccessful fifth stage: identity
    diffusion.
Fa. Successful sixth stage: intimacy.
Fb. Unsuccessful sixth stage:
    isolation.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + Aa:basic trust
-freshman males   : r = +.34 (01)
-senior males     : r = +.48 (01)
-freshman females : r = +.33 (01)
-senior females   : r = +.43 (01)
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = - Ab:basic mistrust
-freshman males   : r = -.37 (01)
-senior males     : r = -.58 (01)
-freshman females : r = -.21 (01)
-senior females   : r = -.42 (01)
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + Ba:autonomy
-freshman males   : r = +.12 (ns)
-senior males     : r = +.18 (05)
-freshman females : r = +.10 (ns)
-senior females   : r = +.12 (ns)
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = - Bb:shame and doubt
-freshman males   : r = -.10 (ns)
-senior males     : r = -.21 (05)
-freshman females : r = -.07 (ns)
-senior females   : r = -.25 (01)
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + Ca:initiative
-freshman males   : r = +.19 (05)
-senior males     : r = +.38 (01)
-freshman females : r = +.36 (01)
-senior females   : r = +.24 (01)
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = - Cb:guilt
-freshman males   : r = -.32 (01)
-senior males     : r = -.46 (01)
-freshman females : r = -.18 (05)
-senior females   : r = -.24 (01)
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + Da:industry
-freshman males   : r = +.14 (ns)
-senior males     : r = +.25 (01)
-freshman females : r = +.09 (ns)
-senior females   : r = +.16 (ns)
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = - Db:inferiority
-freshman males   : r = -.13 (ns)
-senior males     : r = -.21 (05)
-freshman females : r = -.15 (ns)
-senior females   : r = -.23 (01)
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + Ea:identity
-freshman males   : r = +.18 (05)
-senior males     : r = +.48 (01)
-freshman females : r = +.35 (01)
-senior females   : r = +.42 (01)
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = - Eb:identity diffusion
-freshman males   : r = -.12 (ns)
-senior males     : r = -.10 (ns)
-freshman females : r = -.01 (ns)
-senior females   : r = -.21 (05)
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = + Fa:intimacy
-freshman males   : r = +.14 (ns)
-senior males     : r = +.39 (01)
-freshman females : r = +.19 (05)
-senior females   : r = +.20 (05)
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-a r = - Fb:isolation
-freshman males   : r = -.22 (01)
-senior males     : r = -.36 (01)
-freshman females : r = -.27 (01)
-senior females   : r = -.36 (01)