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Correlational findings

Study Hessami (2010): study ZZ Western Europe 1990

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 12 European nations, 1990-2000
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 153268
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Number of children
Our Classification
Operationalization
1: 1 child
2: 2 children
3: => 3 children

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b Beta = -.03 p < .01 Having 1 child (vs. no children)
Comparable result with ordered probit estimation: OPRC= -0,047
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b Beta = -.02 p < .01 2 children (vs. no children)
Comparable result with ordered probit estimation: OPRC= -0,027
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b Beta = -.04 p < .01 =>3 children (vs. no children)
Comparable result with ordered probit estimation: OPRC= -0,070

Beta's controlled for:
- individual level
  - age
  - sexe
  - relative income
  - ideological preferences
  - marital status
  - education
  - employment status
- national level
  - unemployment rate
  - inflation rate
  - total government expenditures
  - public education expenditures
  - public social protection expenditures
  - public health expenditures