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Correlational findings

Study Hessami (2010): study ZZ Western Europe 1990

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 12 European nations, 1990-2000
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 153268
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Enployment status
Our Classification
Operationalization
a: Unemployed
b: School
c: Retired
d: Home
e: Self-employed

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b Beta = -.39 p < .01 Unemployed (vs. employed)
Comparable result with ordered probit estimation: OPRC= -0,610
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b Beta = +.06 p < .01 At school (vs. employed)
Comparable result with ordered probit estimation: OPRC= +0,107
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b Beta = -.02 p < .05 Retired (vs. employed)
Comparable result with ordered probit estimation: OPRC= -0,028
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b Beta = -.01 ns Home (vs. employed)
Comparable result with ordered probit estimation: OPRC= -0,015
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b Beta = -.01 ns Self-employed (vs. employed)
Comparable result with ordered probit estimation: OPRC=-0,015

Beta's controlled for:
- individual level
  - age
  - sexe
  - relative income
  - ideological preferences
  - marital status
  - education
  - number of children
- national level
  - unemployment rate
  - inflation rate
  - total government expenditures
  - public education expenditures
  - public social protection expenditures
  - public health expenditures