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Correlational findings

Study Hessami (2010): study ZZ Western Europe 1990

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 12 European nations, 1990-2000
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 153268
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Social protection expenditures
Our Classification
Operationalization
Public expenditures on social protection as a share of total public expenditures.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b Beta = +.03 p < .05 Individual happiness by national expenditures on social protection.

Beta controlled for:
- individual level
  - age
  - sexe
  - relative income
  - ideological preferences
  - marital status
  - education
  - employment status
  - number of children
- national level
  - unemployment rate
  - inflation rate
  - total government expenditures
  - public education expenditures
  - public health expenditures

Comparable result with ordered probit estimation: OPRC= +0,071