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Correlational findings

Study Headey (2008): study DE 1990

Public
16+ aged, general public, Germany, 1990-2004
Sample
Respondents
N =
Non Response
Assessment
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Locus of control
Our Classification
Remarks
T1: 1990, T2: 1995, T3: 2004 Variant of Rotter-scale (1966), developed by Krampen (1981; see also Nolte et al. 1996). Assessed in 2005.
Operationalization
Self-report on questionnaire

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = +.42 p < .001 Beta controlled for
-current priorities at T3 for life goals
-gender
-age
-extraversion
-neuroticism
-having a partner
-years of education
-disposable household income
-health disability

Beta very similar for men, women and respondents in prime age (25-59).
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d r = +.30 T3 LEVEL of happiness O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta = +.28 p < .001 T1-T3 CHANGE in happiness (14 year lag)

Beta controlled for
-average priority at T 1,2,3 for life-goals
-gender
-age
-extraversion
-neuroticism
-life satisfaction at T1 (1990)
-partner in 2004
-years of education
-disposable income
-health disability