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Correlational findings

Study Schiff & Bargal (2000): study IL 1995

Public
Participants of self-help and support groups, Jerusalem, Israel, 199?
Sample
Respondents
N = 90
Non Response
not reported
Assessment
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's Label
Commitment to the 12-steps program
Our Classification
Remarks
Self-help groups only: supportive, usually change oriented mutual aid group that adresses a single life problem or conditions shared by all members Use ideology to achieve change. Professionals rarely have an active role. Statement based on earlier 12-step program questionnaires (Humphreys& Wood, 1994; Kingree & Ruback, 1994. For a list of the 12 steps, see Kurtz (1997)
Operationalization
Selfreport based on 10 statements e.g. " Only a power greater than myself could restore my sanity"(step 2)
Rated on a 7 point numerical scale
(1= oppose to 6= strongly agree; 7= "I haven't reached this step"

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-?-sq-n-11-a r = +.29 p < .05