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Correlational findings

Study Alesina et al. (2004): study ZZ EU 12 1992

Public:
Adults, general public, EU 12 member states, 1975-1992
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 104000
Non Response:
not reported
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Inequality
Our Classification
Operationalization
Income inequality in EU nations in Gini coefficients

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa = NATION inequality by INDIVIDUAL happiness O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa OLRC = -2.8 ns All individuals O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa OLRC = -7.1 p < .05 Political left individuals O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa OLRC = -1.6 ns Political right individuals O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa OLRC = -3.5 p < .05 Poor individuals O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa OLRC = -1.7 ns Rich individuals

OLRC's are controlled for personal characteristics:
- employment satus
- gender
- age
- educational level
- marital status
- number of children
- income
- race
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa OLRC = -3.4 p < .05 Additionaly controled for unemployment rate and inflation rate in nation, all individuals O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa OLRC = -6.3 p < .05 Political left individuals O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa OLRC = -1.4 ns Political right individuals O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa OLRC = -4.1 p < .05 Poor individuals O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa OLRC = -2.4 ns Rich individuals

OLRC's cannot be interpreted as absolute effect sizes. Relative values denote that the negative effect is larger among poor and political left individuals. Comparisons of OLRC's are only possible if the same control variables are used in the regressions.