Correlational findings

Study Alesina et al. (2004): study US 1981

Adults, general public, United States, 1981-1996
N = 19895
Non Response:
not reported
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's label
Unemployment rate
Our Classification
Unemployment rates in US states

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa = STATE unemployment rate by INDIVIDUAL happiness O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa OLRC = -2.3 p < .10 All individuals O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa OLRC = -2.9 p < .05 Political left individuals O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa OLRC = -2.2 ns Political right individuals O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa OLRC = -4.2 p < .05 Poor individuals O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa OLRC = -0.3 ns Rich individuals

OLRC's are controlled income inequality at state level and personal characteristics:
- employment satus
- gender
- age
- educational level
- marital status
- number of children
- income
- race

All OLRC's remain the same when additionally controlled for crime rate.

OLRC's cannot be interpreted as absolute effect sizes. Relative values denote that the negative effect is larger among rich and political right individuals. Comparisons of OLRC's are only possible if the same control variables are used in the regressions.