Correlational findings

Study Trzcinski & Holst (2006): study DE 2001

17 aged, Germany, 2001-2004
Survey name
N = 1202
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Personal control
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Cronbach’s alpha = .63
M = 2.81 SD = 0.47
Self report on 6 questions such as:
- I have control over my own destiny
- Success or failure in life is largely a question of fate or luck
- I have often had the experience that others have control over my life.
Responses rated on a 4-step scale

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = +.64 p < .001 b controlled for:
- satisfaction with grades
- perceived of probability of success in education and work
- nationality
- east or west german
- gender
- household composition
- income
- education  
- number of important relationships
- relationship with mother
- relationship with father
- mother worked part-time or full-time entire year (vs not)
- months of unemployment of mother in the previous year
- mother’s  worries about financial situation
- life satisfaction of mother

b = +.64 means that a 1 point difference in personal control corresponds with 0.64 point difference in happiness on the 0-10 point scale.