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Correlational findings

Study Zijlmans (2009): study DE 1998

Public:
21-64 aged working force, Germany, 1998-1999
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 19093
Non Response:
not reported
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Change in unemployment status
Our Classification
Operationalization
0 Employed
1 Unemployed

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = T2-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1-T2 CHANGE into out of unemployment and T1 importance of leisure O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = -.80 p < .01 Work very important O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = -.48 p < .01 Work important O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = -1.2 p < .01 Work less/not important

B's are controled for:
- year
- socio-economic variables
- demographic variables

Findings are comparable when:
- importance of leisure is measured in T2
- averaged for T1 and T2

B -1.2 means that unemployment lowers happiness by 1.2 points on scale 0-10 for individuals who consider that leisure is not important for their well-being.