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Correlational findings

Study Rehdanz & Maddison (2009): study XZ Germany West 1994

Public:
Adults, general public, West-Germany, 1994-2004
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 23014
Non Response:
na
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Community size
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self report of the community size where the respondent lives:
1 Less than 2000
2 2000-20.000
3 20.000-100.000
4 100.000-500.000
5 More than 500.000 (reference group)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d OPRC = - p < .05 Less than 2000 (vs >500.000) (-.09) O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d OPRC = - p < .10 2000-20.000 (vs >500.000) (-.06) O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d OPRC = - ns 20.000-100.000 (vs >500.000) (-.05) O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d OPRC = - ns 100.000-500.000 (vs >500.000) (-.01)

OPRC's controled for:
- affected by noise and air pollution
- socio-economic characteristics
- demographic characteristics
- housing characteristics
- residential characteristics

OPRC's cannot be interpreted as absolute effect sizes. Relative values denote that living in a smaller city goes with less happiness.