Correlational findings

Study Conen (2005): study ZZ EU 15 2001

15-64 aged working people, 15 European countries, 2001
N =
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Friction between actual and desired number of working hours-2
Our Classification
N=6567 (93,1 % of sample size)
Difference iin response to two  questions:
A How many hours do you usually work a week in your job, including overtime? Please do not include meal breaks. If it varies, take the average over the last 4 weeks.
B If you were completely free to choose, how many hours a week would you like to work overall?

1 B same as A
2 B 1 to 4 hours less than A
3 B 5 to 8 hours less than A
4 B 9 to 12 hours less than A
5 B 13 to 16 hours less than A
6 B over 17 hours less than A

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b D% = Percentages % very satisfied, fairly satisfied, not very satisfied, not at all satisfied at each friction-size:
   Very:   Fairly:   Not very: Not at all:
a: 41,97   52,79     4,68      0,56
b: 35,16   58,52     5,49      0,82   
c: 33,23   57,35     8,49      0,93
d: 32,38   57,28     9,60      0,74
e: 32,81   56,64     9,77      0,78
f: 32,29   57,80     8,38      1,53   

-When the friction between actual and desired number of working hours is larger than one daily period the reported life satisfaction is significant lower compared to no friction.

-When the friction is lower than one daily period the reported life satisfaction is not significant different compared to no friction.