Correlational findings

Study Wong (1985a): study US 1984

Working parents with children <16, USA, 1984
N =
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Questionnaire returned by intra office mail in a sealed envelope


Authors's Label
Poor Mental Health
Our Classification
Error Estimates
alpha = .83
Items taken from the Gurin, Veroff & Feld scale
Married Fathers: M=1,6, SD=.32, Married Mothers M = 1,8 SD = .41, Single Mothers M=1,6 SD = .44
Related specification variables
a. Do you find it difficult to get up in the morning? Rated: 1 = never, 2 = not very much, 3 = pretty often, 4 = nearly all the time.

b. Has any ill health affected the amount of work you do?
c. Have you ever been bothered by shortness of breath when you were not exercising or working hard?
d. Have you ever been bothered by your hearth beating hard?
e. Do you ever drink more than you should?
f. Are you troubled by your hands sweating so that you feel damp and clammy
g. Have there been times when you couldn't take care of things because you just couldn't get going?

Rated: 1 = Never, 2 = Hardly ever, 3 = Sometimes, 4 = Many times

h. Do you feel you are bothered by all sorts of pains and ailments in different parts of your body?
i. For the most part, do you feel healthy enough to carry out the things you would like to do?
j. Do you have any particular physical or health trouble

Rated: 1 = No, 2 =  Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = -.42 p < .01 Married Fathers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i r = -.20 p < .01 O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = -.37 p < .01 Married Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i r = -.33 p < .01 O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = -.44 p < .01 Single Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i r = -.39 p < .01