Correlational findings

Study Wong (1985a): study US 1984

Working parents with children <16, USA, 1984
N = 651
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Questionnaire returned by intra office mail in a sealed envelope


Authors's Label
Support from Supervisor
Our Classification
alpha =.88, verbal support alpha = .88, instrumental support alpha =.69
Married Fathers: M=1,9, SD=.78, Married Mothers M = 1,9 SD = .79, Single Mothers M=1,9 SD = .80
Related specification variables
Think back to your experiences as a working parent over the last two months.How have your supervisor helped you to manage? How often in the past two months did your supervisor do each of the following?:
Verbal support:
a. Shared ideas or advice.
b.Helped me to figure out how to solve a problem
c Listened to my problems.
d. Was understanding or sympathetic. Instrumental support:
a. Juggled tasks or duties to accomodate my family responsibilities
b. Switched schedule (hours, overtime, vacation) to accomodate my family responsibilities.

Rated: 1= Never, 2 = Rarely, 3 = Sometimes, 4 = Often, 5 = Very often, 8 = not applicable

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = -.03 ns Married Fathers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i r = +.10 ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = .01 ns Married Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i r = -.00 ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = -.02 ns Married Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i r = +.10 O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa Beta = ns Married Fathers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i Beta = ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa = ns Married Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i Beta = ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa Beta = ns Single Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i Beta = ns Beta's controlled for:
- age
- education
- income
- organization (place of employment)
- stress
- support from spouse
- support from friends/neighbors/relatives
- support from co-workers
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa b = ns Married fathers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i b = ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa b = ns Married Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i b = ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa b = ns Single Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i b = ns B's additionally controlled for:
- resentment of spouse,
- resentment of friends/neighbors/relatives
- resentment of co-workers and supervisor