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Correlational findings

Study Wong (1985a): study US 1984

Public:
Working parents with children <16, USA, 1984
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 651
Non Response:
59-79%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire returned by intra office mail in a sealed envelope

Correlate

Authors's label
Support from Co-workers
Our Classification
Operationalization
Think back to your experiences as a working parent over the last two months. How have your co-workers helped you to manage? How often in the past two months did your co-workers do each of the following?
Verbal support:
a. Shared ideas or advice.
b. Listened to my problems.
c. Was understanding or sympathetic.
d. Helped me to figure out how to solve a problem.
Instrumental support:
a.shared duties or traded off tasks to accomodate my family responsibilities. b. 'Pinch hit ' for me if I needed time for family responsibilities
c. Switched schedule (hours, overtime hours, vacation) to accomodate my family responsibilities.

Rated: 1= Never, 2 = Rarely, 3 = Sometimes, 4 = Often, 5 = Very often, 8 = Not applicable

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = -.09 ns Married fathers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i r = +.07 ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = -.09 ns Married Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i r = -.07 ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = -.05 ns Single Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i r = -.06 ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa Beta = ns Married fathers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i Beta = ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa Beta = ns Married Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i Beta = ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa Beta = ns Single Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i Beta = ns Beta's controlled for:
- age
- education
- income
- organization (place of employment)
- stress
- support from spouse
- support from friends/neighbors/relatives
- support from supervisors
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa b = ns Married Fathers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i b = ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa b = ns Married Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i b = ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa b = ns Single Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i b = ns B's additionally controlled for:
- resentment of spouse,
- resentment of friends/neighbors/relatives
- resentment of co-workers and supervisor