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Correlational findings

Study Wong (1985a): study US 1984

Public:
Working parents with children <16, USA, 1984
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 651
Non Response:
59-79%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire returned by intra office mail in a sealed envelope

Correlate

Authors's label
Support from Friends, Neighbors and Relatives
Our Classification
Operationalization
Think back to your experiences as a working parent over the last two months. How have your friends, neighbors and relatives helped you to manage? How often in the past two months did friends, neighbors and relatives do each of the following?
Verbal support:
a. Shared ideas or advice.
b. Listened to my problems.
c. Was understanding or sympathetic.
d. Helped me to figure out how to solve a problem.
Instrumental support:
a. Handled child's sickness or other emergency.
b. Took care of some of my responsibilities when I was especially tired or busy.
c. Took care of children before or after school.
Rated: 1= Never, 2 = Rarely, 3 = Sometimes, 4 = Often, 5 = Very often, 8 = not applicable

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = -.13 ns Married fathers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i r = +.33 ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = +.03 ns Married Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i r = +.03 ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = +.07 ns Single Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i r = +.03 ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa Beta = ns Married Fathers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i Beta = ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa Beta = ns Married Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i Beta = ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa Beta = ns Single Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i Beta = ns Beta's controlled for:
- age
- education
- income
- organization (place of employment)
- stress
- support from spouse
- support from co-workers
- support from supervisors
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa b = ns Married fathers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i b = ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa b = ns Married Fathers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i b = ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa b = ns Married Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i b = ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa b = ns Single Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i b = ns B's additionally controlled for:
- resentment of spouse,
- resentment of friends/neighbors/relatives
- resentment of co-workers and supervisor