Correlational findings

Study Wong (1985a): study US 1984

Working parents with children <16, USA, 1984
N = 651
Non Response:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire returned by intra office mail in a sealed envelope


Authors's label
Spouse Support
Our Classification
'Think back to your experiences as a working parent over the last two months.How have you spouse helped you to manage? How often in the past two months did your spouse do each of the following?
a. Shared ideas or advice.
b. Helped me to figure out how to solve a problem.
c. Listened to my problems.
d. Was understanding or sympathetic.
e. took over some of my responsibilities when I was especially tired or busy.
F. Rearranges own schedule to fit my needs.
g. Helped me with work for my job. Rated: 1= Never, 2 = Rarely, 3 = Sometimes, 4 = Often, 5 = Very often

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = +.81 ns Married fathers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i r = +.17 p < .05 O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = +.39 p < .01 Married Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i r = +.35 O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa Beta = ns Married fathers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i Beta = ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa Beta = .05 p < .01 Married mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i Beta = +.07 p < .01 Beta's controlled for:
- age
- education
- income
- organization (place of employment)
- stress
- support from friends/neighbors/relatives
- support from co-workers
- support from supervisors
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa b = ns Married Fathers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i b = ns O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa b = +.26 Married Mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i b = +.31 p < .01 B's additionally controlled for:
- resentment of spouse,
- resentment of friends/neighbors/relatives
- resentment of co-workers and supervisor