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Correlational findings

Study Kirkcaldy et al. (2005): study ZZ 1995

Public:
Adults, general public, 53 nations, 1990s
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 80000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Health effectiveness in nations
Our Classification
Remarks
Cluster 1 (low health effectiveness): Bangladesh, Brazil, Bulgaria, China, Egypt, Hungary, India, Iraq, Jordan, Lithuania, Mexico, Nigeria, Romania, Russia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Syria, Turkey, Uganda, Venezuela, Yugoslavia Cluster 2 (high health effectiveness): Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Columbia, CSSR, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Holland, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UAE, UK, USA
Operationalization
Achievement relative to resources
1 low
2 high

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks Y-LS-l-sq-nt-100-a F = 88.7 p < .001 AVERAGE happiness by health effectiveness in 40 nations.
Low effective countries     M = 46.7
High effective countries    M = 60,5
- difference                  + 26.2

Difference remains after control for GDP
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-b = Low effective countries     PA-NA = + 1.02
High effective countries    PA-NA = + 1.50
- difference                        + 0.48
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-b F = 20.5 p < .01 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ac F = 27.2 p < .001