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Correlational findings

Study Frey et al. (2009): study FR 1973

Public:
15+ aged, general public, regions, France, 1973-2002
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 38062
Non Response:
n.a.
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Terrorist attacks
Our Classification
Operationalization
Number of attacks in region

Only attacks due to international terrorism. International terrorism includes attacks by separatist groups as well attacks by domestic terrorist groups whenever foreigners are involved.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = -.00 p < .01 B (-.0022)controled for:
-income
-personal characteristics
-year dummies
-region dummies

B (-.0024) unaffected when additionaly controled for:
-GPD per capita growth
-Unemployment rate growth
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = -.00 ns Almost no effect (B -.0002) when an individual lives in a rural area O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = -.01 p < .01 Larger effect (B -0.0109) for Agnostics

B means that a terroristic attack decreases mean happiness by .0022 points (0,073 %) on the happiness scale 1-4