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Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven & VanSchoonhoven (1991): study ZZ EU 11 1975

Public:
18+ aged, general public, EU 11 member states, 1975-1986
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 200000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
living together (vs single)
Our Classification
Operationalization
0 single
  - never married
  - separated
  - widowed
1 together
  - married
  - unmarried co-habiting

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = +.13 AVERAGE correlation in all nations and years
Co-habitors tend to be happier than singles

Average correlation is similar across separate countries and varies between +.10 and +.16, with the exception of France (+.01)
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = +.08 CHANGE in correlation over the years
Cohabitors have become happier relative to singles

Trend correlations differ across separate nations. Cohabitors became less happy relatively in Denmark, France and Ireland, but happier in Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxemburg, the Netherlands and the UK, while no change occured in Belgiun and Northern Ireland.

The overall trend in differs slightly across sex and age categories:
             Males      Females
all 18 aged  r = +.08   r = +.01
25-39 aged   r = +.07   r = +.08