print

Correlational findings

Study Ouweneel (1987): study ZZ EU 9 1975

Public:
Adults, general public, EU 9 member states, 1975-1986
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 9000
Non Response:
n.a.
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Relations between fluctuations in GNP and happiness
Our Classification
Operationalization
% Change GDP
a In same year
b Over last year
c Over last two years

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = % Change happiness by % change GDP in same year O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = -.30 Belgium O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = -.30 Denmark O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = +.29 West Germany O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = -.73 United Kingdom O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = -.13 France O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = +.06 Ireland O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = -.28 Italy O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = -.19 Luxemburg O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = +.12 The Netherlands O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = -.12 All 9 EC nations

No correlations between change in GDP and change in happinesss in same year
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b = % Change happiness by % change GDP over last  year O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b D% = All 9 EC nations, 1979-1986

Increase/decrease in happiness comes one year after increase/decrease in wealth growth
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = +.88 Belgium O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = +.52 Denmark O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = -.04 West Germany O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = +.42 United Kingdom O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = +.47 France O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = -.34 Ireland O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = +.70 Italy O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = +.65 Luxemburg O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = +.40 The Netherlands O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = +.56 All 9 EC nations

Positive correlations between change in GDP over last year and change in happiness.
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = No correlations between:
- change in GDP two years earlier and change in happiness
- change in happiness and change in GDP one year later
- change in happiness and change in GDP two years later