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Correlational findings

Study Ball & Chernova (2008): study ZZ 1995

Public:
Adults, general public, 42 nations, 1995-1997
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 60000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
relative income
Our Classification
Operationalization
Respondents were presented a card with 10 income brackets, that expressed the nations income deciles in local currency.

They self-rated their income category with the question: Here is a scale of incomes. We would like to know in what group your household is, counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in. Just give the letter of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,46 p < .00 Average Happiness
Country    Low status group  High status group
-Argentina     6,59                7,05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,70 p < .01 -Armenia       3,79                4,49 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,46 p < .00 -Australia     7,35                7,81 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,32 p < .00 -Azerbaijan    4,77                6,09 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,66 p < .00 -Bangladesh    6,21                6,87 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 1,11 p < .00 -Belarus       3,75                4,86 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,66 p < .00 -Bosnia        4,90                6,56 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = -.19 p < .735 -Brazil        7,18                6,99 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 1,96 p < .00 -Bulgaria      3,53                5,49 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 1,04 p < .00 -Chile         6,36                7,40 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 1,47 p < .00 -China         5,47                7,94 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,24 p < .00 -Colombia      8,36                8,60 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 1,59 p < .00 -Croatia       5,33                6,92 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 1,09 p < .00 -Dominican Rep.6,89                7,98 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 2,08 p < .00 -Estonia       4,32                6,40 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,54 p < .00 -Finland       7,51                8,05 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 1,38 p < .00 -Georgia       4,32                5,70 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 1,09 p < .00 -Germany       6,89                7,98 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 2,49 p < .00 -India         5,92                7,51 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,98 p < .00 -Japan         6,07                7,05 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 1,16 p < .00 -Latvia        4,27                5,53 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 1,75 p < .00 -Lithuania     3,78                5,53 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,53 p < .00 -Macedonia     5,26                5,79 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 1,19 p < .00 -Mexico        7,29                8,58 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 1,07 p < .00 -Moldova       3,39                4,46 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 1,12 p < .00 -Montenegro    5,70                6,82 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 1,31 p < .00 -Nigeria       6,08                7,39 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,78 p < .00 -Norway        7,17                7,95 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,73 p < .015 -Peru          6,12                6,85 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 2,36 p < .00 -Poland        5,52                7,88 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 1,54 p < .00 -Russia        3,71                5,25 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 2,25 p < .00 -South Africa  5,53                7,78 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,89 p < .00 -Serbia        5,12                6,01 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,67 p < .00 -Spain         6,34                7,01 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,86 p < .00 -Sweden        7,16                8,02 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,75 p < .00 -Switzerland   7,56                8,31 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,95 p < .00 -Taiwan        6,29                7,24 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,89 p < .00 -Turkey        5,82                6,71 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 1,25 p < .00 -Ukraine       3,63                4,88 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,97 p < .00 -Uruguay       6,62                7,59 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,84 p < .00 -United States 7,11                7,95 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = 0,94 p < .01 -Venezuela     6,59                7,53