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Correlational findings

Study Ball & Chernova (2008): study ZZ 1995 /1

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 18 nations, 1995-1997
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 20771
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Children
Our Classification
Operationalization
a exactly one child
b two or more children
c no children (reference category)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a Beta = -.01 p < .584 exactly one child     (vs no children)

Beta controlled for:
-Interaction between relative and absolute income
-Individual variables
  -Income
  -Marital status
  -Gender
  -Age
  -Employment status
  -Health
  -Religion
-Country (dummies)

No difference if controlled for country variables instead of dummies.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a Beta = +.06 p < .019 two or more children  (vs no children)