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Correlational findings

Study Winkelmann (2009): study XZ Germany West 1984

Public:
Employed, who fell unemployed, West-Germany 1984-2004
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 5536
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Falling unemployed
Our Classification
Operationalization
T1 employed
T2 unemployed (about 1 year later)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d DM = -                         Men        Women
T1  employed         M = 6,48     M = 6,44
T2  unemployed       M = 5,62     M = 5,89
Change happiness        -0,86        -0,55

Unaffected by social capital as measured by:
-attending cultural events
-attending entertainment
-visiting friends
-sports
-engaging in voluntary work
-cultural attendance

Loss of happiness greater among
-males
-foreign born
-young
-single
-low educated