Correlational findings

Study Frey & Stutzer (2000b): study CH 1992

Adults, general public, Switzerland, 1992
N = 6000
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's label
Direct democratic rights
Our Classification
Index, capturing the varying extend of direct participation possibilities.
The index measures the different barriers for entering the political process, apart from elections in the year 1992.
The barriers measured are the following:
a.  the necessary signatures to launch an instrumentt (absolute and relative to the number of citizens with the right to vote);
b.  the legally allowed time span to collect the signatures; and
c.  The level of new expenditure per head allowing a financial referendum.

Each of these restrictions is evaluated on a six-point scale. From the resulting ratings, a non-weighted average is calculated.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a Beta = +.07 p < .01 Beta(+.065) controlled for:
-Individual factors
  - Income
  - Employment status
  - Education
  - Demographic factors
- Institutional factors
  - Local autonomy
  - National income pc
  - Population
  - Urbanization
  - French/Italian speaking