print

Correlational findings

Study Stutzer & Frey (2008): study XZ Germany West 1985

Public:
15+ aged, general public, Germany, 1985-1998
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 270150
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Commuting
Our Classification
Operationalization
Average daily commuting time (minutes, one way)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = -.01 p < .00 B=-0.0070
(t-value= -7.27)
1st quartile <10 min: life satisfaction=7.24
4th quartile >30 min: life satisfaction=7.00
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = 0.01 p < .00 B=0.030e-3
(t-value= 4.11)
Commuting time squared

B's controlled for:
-Age
-Age2
-Gender
-Years of Education (ln)
-Children (Yes/No)
-Singel (with/without partner)
-Married (Yes/No)
-Seperated (with/without partnert)
-Divorced (with/without partner)
-Widowed (with/without partner)
-Spouse living abroad
-Number of household members
-Employed
-Self-employed
-Western/Eastern Germany
-Child of the Head of Household (vs. not)
-EU foreigner/Other Foreigner
-Year