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Correlational findings

Study Stutzer & Frey (2008): study XZ Germany West 1985

Public:
15+ aged, general public, Germany, 1985-1998
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 270150
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Commuting
Our Classification
  • TIME Current time-usage Time spend commuting
  • WORK: CONDITIONS Current work-conditions Commuting to work
Operationalization
Average daily commuting time (minutes, one way)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = -.01 B=-0.0070
 (t-value= -7.27)
 1st quartile <10 min: life satisfaction=7.24
 4th quartile >30 min: life satisfaction=7.00
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = 0.01 B=0.030e-3
 (t-value= 4.11)
 Commuting time squared
 
 B's controlled for:
 -Age
 -Age2
 -Gender
 -Years of Education (ln)
 -Children (Yes/No)
 -Singel (with/without partner)
 -Married (Yes/No)
 -Seperated (with/without partnert)
 -Divorced (with/without partner)
 -Widowed (with/without partner)
 -Spouse living abroad
 -Number of household members
 -Employed
 -Self-employed
 -Western/Eastern Germany
 -Child of the Head of Household (vs. not)
 -EU foreigner/Other Foreigner
 -Year