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Correlational findings

Study Knabe & R├Ątzel (2007): study DE 1992

Public:
21-64 aged, Germany, followed 13 years ,1992-2005
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 152411
Non Response:
not reported
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Unemployment rate
Our Classification
Operationalization
Unemployment

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d DM = - Average happiness in nation by unemployment over the years

Life satisfaction and the unemployment rate generally move in opposite directions