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Correlational findings

Study Knabe & R├Ątzel (2007): study DE 1992

Public:
21-64 aged, Germany, followed 13 years ,1992-2005
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 152411
Non Response:
not reported
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Long-term unemployed
Our Classification
Operationalization
0: Unemployed, shorter than one year (basegroup)
1: Long term unemployed, unemployed for more than one year

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d OPRC = +.01 ns Both sexes (+.013) O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d OPRC = +.01 ns Men only (+.010) O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d OPRC = +.02 ns Women only (+.016)

OPRC's controlled for:
- employment status
- transitory income (truncated model)
- family status
- age, age squared
- number of children
- years of education
- house ownership
- health indicators

OPRC's are unaffected when additionaly for permanent income.