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Correlational findings

Study Knabe & R├Ątzel (2007): study DE 1992

Public:
21-64 aged, Germany, followed 13 years ,1992-2005
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 152411
Non Response:
not reported
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Unemployed
Our Classification
Operationalization
0: Full-time employed (basegroup)
1: Unemployed

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d DM = DM's measure change in life satisfaction to reference group "not unemployed" individuals O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.52 p < .01 All O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.62 p < .01 Men only O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.42 p < .01 Women only

OPRC's controlled for:
- long-term unemployment, longer than one year
- transitory income (truncated model)
- family status
- age, age squared
- number of children
- years of education
- house ownership
- health indicators

OPRC's cannot be interpreted as an absolute effect size

Relative values denote that unemployment corresponds to 1,5 lower happiness in men compared to women.