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Correlational findings

Study Bruni & Stanca (2006): study ZZ 1990

Public:
Adults, general public, 80 nations, 1990-2004
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 259947
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Voluntary activities
Our Classification
Operationalization
Kind of voluntary organizations actively involved in:
a: church, religious
b: sports, recreation
c: arts, music, educational
d: labor union
e: political party
f: environmental
g: professional
h: charity

0: no
1: yes

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +1,4 p < .05 Church                  B: 1,41, t: 6,03 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.95 p < .05 Sports                  B: 0,95, t: 4,21 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +1,4 p < .05 Arts                    B: 1,43, t: 5,69 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.16 ns Labor union             B: 1,41, t: 6,03 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.14 ns Politics                B: 0,95, t: 4,21 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.65 ns Environment             B: 0,65, t: 1,61 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.35 ns Professional            B: 0,35, t: 1,13 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +1,8 p < .05 Charity                 B: 1,78, t: 6,13

B's controlled for:
- member of any voluntary organization
- active in any voluntary organization
- income
- self rated health
- perceived freedom
- unemployed
- married
- education
- age
- gender
- religion perceived as important
- trust in people
- honesty (cheating on tax justifiable or not)
- individual country dummies
- time dummies for survey waves

B's estimated individually in separate equations (model a)
Not different when estimated jointly (models c and d)

B is points greater happiness on range 10-100 of people who participate in that kind of organization