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Correlational findings

Study Bruni & Stanca (2006): study ZZ 1990

Public:
Adults, general public, 80 nations, 1990-2004
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 259947
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Voluntary activities
Our Classification
  • CULTURE (Arts and Sciences) Current cultural participation Active participation
  • POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR Current political behavior Political participation
  • RELIGION Current religious practices Participation in church
  • SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS Current organizational participation Voluntary work
  • SPORTS Current sporting Involvement in sports Active involvement in sports
Operationalization
Kind of voluntary organizations actively involved in:
 a: church, religious
 b: sports, recreation
 c: arts, music, educational
 d: labor union
 e: political party
 f: environmental
 g: professional
 h: charity
 
 0: no
 1: yes

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +1,4 Church                  B: 1,41, t: 6,03 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.95 Sports                  B: 0,95, t: 4,21 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +1,4 Arts                    B: 1,43, t: 5,69 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.16 Labor union             B: 1,41, t: 6,03 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.14 Politics                B: 0,95, t: 4,21 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.65 Environment             B: 0,65, t: 1,61 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.35 Professional            B: 0,35, t: 1,13 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +1,8 Charity                 B: 1,78, t: 6,13
 
 B's controlled for:
 - member of any voluntary organization
 - active in any voluntary organization
 - income
 - self rated health
 - perceived freedom
 - unemployed
 - married
 - education
 - age
 - gender
 - religion perceived as important
 - trust in people
 - honesty (cheating on tax justifiable or not)
 - individual country dummies
 - time dummies for survey waves
 
 B's estimated individually in separate equations (model a)
 Not different when estimated jointly (models c and d)
 
 B is points greater happiness on range 10-100 of people who participate in that kind of organization