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Correlational findings

Study Bjornskov et al. (2008): study ZZ 1997 /1

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 70 nations, 1997-2000
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 87748
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
male
Our Classification
Operationalization
0: woman
1:   man

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = -.04 p < .05 Individual happiness (not average) by being male (compared to female).

Beta controlled for other individual level variables:
- religion
- conservative ideology
- confidence in parliament
- trust most people
- income
- age
- education
- marital status
- children
- selfemployed
- housewife
- retired
- student
- unemployed
- service attendance (church etc.)
- belief in superior being
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = -.05 p < .01 Beta additionally controlled for aggregated variables at country level:
- infant mortality
- years of independence
- share of catholics
- share of protestants
- bicameral system
- openness to trade
- investment price level
- postcommunist
- Asia
- Latin America
- Africa
- Middle East and North Africa