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Correlational findings

Study Bjornskov et al. (2008): study ZZ 1997 /1

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 70 nations, 1997-2000
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 87748
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
bicameral parliament
Our Classification
Operationalization
Number of chambers in parliament
0 = no bicameral parliament
1 = bicameral parliament

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa = Individual happiness (not average) by number of chambers in parliament in one's nation. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = +.08 p < .10 All O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = +.09 p < .10 males O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = +.08 ns females O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = +.09 p < .05 left voters O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = +.08 p < .05 right voters O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = +.14 p < .01 low income O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = -.10 p < .05 middle income O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = +.06 ns high income

Beta's controlled for:

Area dummies and other political variables:
- years of independence
- postcommunist
- government fractionalization
- political ideology, 10-years
- political ideology, current
- democracy, Gastil index
- democracy, Polity IV
- democratic legacy
- monarchy

Individual level variables:
- religion
- conservative ideology
- confidence in parliament
- trust most people
- income
- age
- gender
- education
- marital status
- children
- selfemployed
- housewife
- retired
- student
- unemployed
- service attendance (church etc.)
- belief in superior being