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Correlational findings

Study Bjornskov (2006): study ZZ 1990

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 80 nations, 1990-2001
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 800000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Ex-communist
Our Classification
Operationalization
0: not ex-communist
1: ex-communist

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa b = -.47 p < .01 % happy by communist past in 33 nations.

B controlled for variables at country-level:
-GDP
-trade openness
-associational activity in nation
-inflation
-social norms in nation
-social trust in nation