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Correlational findings

Study Bjornskov (2006): study ZZ 1990

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 80 nations, 1990-2001
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 800000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Trade openness
Our Classification
Operationalization
Trade-volume as % of GDP

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa b = +.04 ns % happy by trade openness in 33 nations.

B controlled for variables at country-level:
-GDP
-associational activity in nation
-post communist
-inflation
-social norms in nation
-social trust in nation