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Correlational findings

Study Bjornskov (2006): study ZZ 1990

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 80 nations, 1990-2001
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 800000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Social/average norms
Our Classification
Operationalization
Response to survey questions about acceptability of:
-claiming government benefits to which one is not entitled,
-avoiding fares on public transport,
-cheating on taxes,
-accepting bribes in the course of ones duties.
Answers are coded from 1 (never justify) to 10 (always justify).

Average of scores in nation

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = -.49 p < .10 % happy by average acceptance of social norms in 80 nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa b = +.05 ns N=33 B controlled for variables at country-level:
-GDP
-trade openness
-post communist
-inflation
-associational activity in nation
-social trust in nation