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Correlational findings

Study Bruni & Stanca (2006): study ZZ 1990

Public:
Adults, general public, 80 nations, 1990-2004
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 259947
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Relational time
Our Classification
Distribution
Range 1-4
a: M= 3.48, SD 0.81
b: M= 3.27, SD 0.89
c: M= 2.48, SD 1.19
d: M= 2.24, SD 1.24
e: M= 1.91, SD 1.14
Operationalization
0 Not
1 Once a month or weekly

a: family
b: friends
c: colleagues
d: church
e: service organisation

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +1.0 p < .05 Time spent with family       B:1,00, t: 6.76 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.78 p < .05 Time spent with friends      B:0.78, t: 5.17 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.27 p < .05 Time spent with colleagues   B:0.27, t: 2.54 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.24 p < .05 Time spent with church       B:0.24, t: 2.06 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.79 p < .05 Time spent with service org. B:0.79, t:6.83

B is points greater happiness on range 10-100 of people who spend once a month or weekly time on that kind of relational activity