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Correlational findings

Study Bruni & Stanca (2006): study ZZ 1990

Public:
Adults, general public, 80 nations, 1990-2004
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 259947
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Honesty
Our Classification
  • NATION: PERSONALITY (modal) Current modal personality in one's nation Honesty in nation
Operationalization
The honesty indicator is based on answers to the question 'is it justifiable to cheat on taxes?', on a 1-10 scale (1= always justifiable, 10= never justifiable)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.27 B controlled for:
 - member of voluntary organization
 - active in voluntary organization
 - income
 - self rated health
 - perceived freedom
 - unemployed
 - married
 - education
 - age
 - gender
 - religion perceived as important
 - trust in people
 - individual country dummies
 - time dummies for survey waves
 
 B means 1 point extra honesty goes with 0.03 point greater happiness on scale 1-10 (0.27 on scale 10-100)