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Correlational findings

Study Bruni & Stanca (2006): study ZZ 1990

Public:
Adults, general public, 80 nations, 1990-2004
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 259947
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Male
Our Classification
  • GENDER Sex (male vs female)
Operationalization
0: female
 1: male

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -1.1 B (-1,11) controlled for:
 - member of voluntary organization
 - active in voluntary organization
 - income
 - self rated health
 - perceived freedom
 - unemployed
 - married
 - education
 - age
 - religion perceived as important
 - trust in people
 - honesty (cheating on tax justifiable or not)
 - individual country dummies
 - time dummies for survey waves
 
 B means 1,11 point lower happiness on scale 10-100 of males