print

Correlational findings

Study Bruni & Stanca (2006): study ZZ 1990

Public:
Adults, general public, 80 nations, 1990-2004
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 259947
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Freedom
Our Classification
  • FREEDOM
Operationalization
The degree of freedom of choice and control an individual has over his life, on a 1-10 scale (1= not at all, 10= a great deal)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +3.1 B (+3,12) controlled for:
 - member of voluntary organization
 - active in voluntary organization
 - income
 - self rated health
 - unemployed
 - married
 - education
 - age
 - gender
 - religion perceived as important
 - trust in people
 - honesty (cheating on tax justifiable or not)
 - individual country dummies
 - time dummies for survey waves
 
 B means 1 point extra freedom goes with 0.30 point greater happiness on scale 1-10 (3.12 on scale 10-100)