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Correlational findings

Study Baker et al. (2005): study US 1986

Public:
60+ aged, USA, followed 3 years 1986-1989
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1279
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Hours spend on productive activities
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport of hours spend on the following productive activities per month over the last year:
a: paid work
b: caregiving
c: volunteering hours
d: informal helping
e: do-it-yourself
Average of hours spend in each of these activities

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = +.19 p < .05 T1 hours spend on activities by T2 happiness (3 year lag) O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-a r = +.12 p < .05 O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa b = +.12 p < .001 B (+.122) bi-variate logistic regression O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa b = +.05 p < .05 B (+.049) controlled for:
- kind of activities
   - physical
   - social
- social support
- health
- socio-demographic variables
   - age
   - gender
   - race
   - marital status
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-a b = .01 p < .05 B (+.059) bi-variate OSL regression O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-a b = +.04 p < .05 B (+.039) controlled for:
- Demographic variables
   - age
   - gender
   - education
   - race
   - marital status
- T1 health
- T1 kind of activities
   - physical activity
   - social activities
   - religious participation
- T1 social support
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-a b = +.04 p < .05 B (+0.038) additionally controlled for:
- T1 happiness (indicating CHANGE in happiness)