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Correlational findings

Study Baker et al. (2005): study US 1986

Public:
60+ aged, USA, followed 3 years 1986-1989
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1279
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Number of productive activities
Our Classification
Operationalization
Number of productive activities participated in during the last year:
a. paid work (regular/ irregular employement)
b. volunteering (religious, political, educational, senior group/ other)
c. caregiving (acute or chronic care for friend/ relative/ neighbor)
d. informal helping (errands/ housework/ childcare/ other)
e. do-it-yourself (home improvement/ canning/ yard work/ car repair)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa DM =                   T1 mean number activities
T2 happiness
- not too happy   3,1  N = 147
- pretty happy    4,7  N = 688
- very happy      5,2  N = 444
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-a DM = +                   T1 mean number activities
T2 life-satisfaction
- dissatisfied    3,1  N = 42
- somewhat dis    3,7  N = 54
- neutral         4,3  N = 243
- somewhat sat    5,0  N = 168
- very satisfied  4,9  N = 773
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = +.19 p < .05 T1 number of activities by T2 happiness (3 year lag) O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-a r = +.09 p < .05 O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa b = +.12 p < .01 B (+.122) bi-variate logistic regression O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa b = +.03 ns B (+.029) controlled for:
- Kind of activities
  - physical
  - social
- social support
- health
- Socio-demographic variables
  - age
  - gender
  - race
  - marital status
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-a b = +.04 p < .05 B (+.044) bi-variate OLS regression O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-a b = +.01 ns B (+.008) controlled for:
- Socio-demographic variables
  - age
  - gender
  - education
  - race
  - marital status
- T1 health
- T1 kind of activities
  - physical activity
  - social activities
  - religious participation
T1- social support
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-a b = +.01 ns B (+.006) additionally controlled for:
- T1 happiness (indicating CHANGE in happiness)