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Correlational findings

Study Bjornskov et al. (2008b): study ZZ EU 15 1973

Public:
16+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 1973-2002.
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 250000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
GDP-change in same period, absolute and relative
Our Classification
Operationalization
Average GDP-change per capita (as %GDP) in 4-year periods

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b Beta = -.09 ns CHANGE in average happiness in 128 4-year periods by CHANGE in GDP in the same periods.

Beta controlled for:
-change in happiness in 4-year period starting 2 years before (2-year overlap)
-change in happiness in 4-year period starting 4 years before (no overlap)
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b Beta = +.15 p < .10 Beta additionally controlled for GDP-change relative to change in preceding period (116 4-year-periods). O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b Beta = +.29 p < .01 CHANGE in average happiness in 116 4-year-periods by CHANGE in GDP relative to GDP in preceding periods.

Beta controlled for:
-change in happiness in 4-year period starting 2 years before (2-year overlap)
-change in happiness in 4-year period starting 4 years before (no overlap)
-GDP-change in same period.
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b Beta = +.19 p < .05 CHANGE in average happiness in 115 4-year-periods by CHANGE in GDP relative to GDP in neighbour-nations in the same periods.

Beta controlled for:
-change in happiness in 4-year period starting 2 years before (2-year overlap)
-change in happiness in 4-year period starting 4 years before (no overlap)
-GDP-change in same period.