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Correlational findings

Study Fahey & Smyth (2004a): study ZZ Europe 1999

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 33 European nations, 1999-2000
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 39799
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Unemployed
Our Classification
Operationalization
1. Employed
2. Unemployed

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.89 p < .05 For all nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.67 p < .05 In poorest nations in lowest GDP-quartile. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.78 p < .05 In medium poor nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -1.2 p < .05 In medium rich nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -1.1 p < .05 In richest nations in highest GDP-quartile.

B's controlled for at individual level:
-gender
-marital status
-age
-age squared
-social class
-individual income.

Unaffected by additional control at country-level for:
-GDP per capita
-income inequality
-growth GDP last 10 years