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Correlational findings

Study Fahey & Smyth (2004a): study ZZ Europe 1999

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 33 European nations, 1999-2000
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 39799
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Perceived economic hardship
Our Classification
Operationalization
Perception of difficulty in getting by on own income; % reporting "great difficulty".

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a = .86 Average life-satisfaction by average perception of economic hardship (bivariate) in 28 nations.