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Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven (2000a): study ZZ 1992

Public:
Adults, general public, 44 nations, early 1990's
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 60000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Summed capabilities
Our Classification
Operationalization
Index of

1 Information
a: literacy
b: newspapercirculation
c: televison receivers
condensed in one factor

2 Inclination to choose, involving
A Work attitude:
Average response to survey questions about importance attached to:
a: job that leaves time for personal life
b: freedom on the job
c: work that gives personal sense of achievement
d: training opportunities
e: good physical working conditions
f: use of skills at the job
Individualism: importance a,b,c > d,e,f
Collectivism:  importance a,b,c < d,e,f
B Perceived fate control:
self report on single question: WVS2 item 95

1 an 2 combined in one factor.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.59 p < .01 Average happiness by summed capabilities to choose in 46 nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a rpc = +.13 ns Average happiness by summed capabilities to choose in 46 nations controlled for wealth in nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = -.04 ns Average happiness by summed capabilities to choose in 20  nations with low opportunity to choose O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a rpc = -.05 ns Average happiness by summed capabilities to choose in 20  nations with low opportunity to choose controlled for wealth in nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.51 p < .05 Average happiness by summed capabilities to choose in 25 nations with high opportunity to choose O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a rpc = +.33 ns Average happiness by summed capabilities to choose in 25 nations with high opportunity to choose controlled for wealth in nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.01 ns Average happiness by summed capabilities to choose in 22 poor nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.34 ns Average happiness by summed capabilities to choose in 25 rich nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a = Data on happiness taken from World Database of Happiness, collection Happiness in Nations