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Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven (2000a): study ZZ 1992

Public:
Adults, general public, 44 nations, early 1990's
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 60000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Inclination
Our Classification
Operationalization
Index of inclination to choose, involving

A Work attitude:
Average response to survey questions about importance attached to:
a: job that leaves time for personal life
b: freedom on the job
c: work that gives personal sense of achievement
d: training opportunities
e: good physical working conditions
f: use of skills at the job
Individualism: importance a,b,c > d,e,f
Collectivism:  importance a,b,c < d,e,f

B Perceived fate control:
self report on single question:
Some people feel they have completely free choice and control over their lives, while other people feel what they do has no real effect on what happens to them. Please use this scale where 1 means "none at all"and 10 means "a great deal" to indicate how much freedom of choice and control you feel you have over the way your life turns out.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.59 p < .01 Average happiness by inclination to choose in 46 nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a rpc = +.30 ns Average happiness by inclination to choose in 46 nations controlled for wealth in nation O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.27 ns Average happiness by Inclination in 20  nations with low opportunity to choose O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a rpc = +.30 ns Average happiness by Inclination in 20  nations with low opportunity to choose controlled for wealth in nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.50 p < .05 Average happiness by Inclination in 25 nations with high opportunity to choose O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a rpc = +.34 ns Average happiness by Information in 25 nations with high opportunity to choose controlled for wealth in nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.38 ns Average happiness by inclination to choose in 22 poor nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.28 ns Average happiness by inclination to choose in 25 rich nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a = Data on happiness taken from World Database of Happiness, collection Happiness in Nations